Research Expertise and Interest
cosmology, formation of structure in the universe, dark energy, expansion of the universe, cosmic microwave background, quasars, redshift surveys
Martin White is a professor in the Department of Astronomy and the Department of Physics. He is a theorist and phenomenologist. While he originally trained in Particle Physics, in the last few years his interest has centered around the question of the formation of structure in the universe. How did it originate, what were the forces responsible for making it what it is today and what can it teach us about the universe? He is particularly interested in using cosmology to learn about fundamental physics, in the theory of large-scale structure and the formation and evolution of galaxies and of active galactic nuclei.
Cosmology today is in a state similar to where particle physics was 20 years ago. The big picture is in place, but many of the fundamental questions remain unanswered. With the tremendous growth in computational and observational power, cosmology is a rapidly moving and fairly young field and can also be quite competitive.
He is a member of the Theoretical Cosmology group. His work involves both analytical and numerical components, with some simulations (and data-analysis). The basic framework is (general) relativistic perturbation theory and quantum field theory, plus some simple radiative transfer and fluid mechanics.
While the study of structure formation is a unifying concept, his research falls into several different categories:
- Cosmological perturbation theory
- Numerical simulations of structure formation
- Cosmic Microwave Background
- Large-Scale Structure
- Galaxy formation and evolution
In addition to his purely theoretical work, he is a member of several large experimental teams. On such experiments theorists often play a role in identifying which measurements are most amenable to comparison with theory, producing calculations or simulations which can be used to analyze the data, and using these to tease out the answers to specific questions.