Goldstein's recent research includes a new interest in big data and naming patterns, particularly what first naming patterns can reveal about fertility intentions and how the choice of first names influences life chances. His earlier publications include How 4.5 Million Irish Immigrants Became 40 Million Irish Americans: Demographic and Subjective Aspects of Ethnic Composition of White Americans, Marriage Delayed or Marriage Foregone? New Cohort Forecasts of First Marriage for U.S. Women, and The End of 'Lowest-Low' Fertility?
Goldstein received his M.A. (D.E.A.) in Demography and Social Sciences at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris and his Ph.D in Demography from Berkeley. Before returning to Berkeley's Demography Department in 2013, Goldstein held positions as Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at Princeton University and Director of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany.