Ian Duncan's new book, Human Forms: The Novel in the Age of Evolution (2019), considers the interaction of the European novel and the "natural history of man" from the late eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth century: a period in which the ascendancy of realism coincided with the rise of evolutionary science and a new, developmental conception of human nature. Chapters consider the formation of late-Enlightenment philosophical anthropology (Buffon, Rousseau, Kant, Herder), the new genres of Romantic Bildungsroman and historical novel (Goethe, Stael, Scott), Lamarckian historical romance circa 1830 (Scott, Hugo), Dickens's pre-Darwinian transformist experiments, and George Eliot's engagement with the Victorian revolutions in the human and natural sciences. Duncan is currently writing a short book on Scotland and Romanticism.
Research Expertise and Interest
English, the novel, British literature 1750-1900, Scottish literature, history and theory of fiction, Scottish enlightenment/romanticism, Scott, literature and the human sciences, Darwin