Malaria -- a disease that kills a child every 2 minutes -- could be completely eradicated by 2050 or sooner, according to a new report by the Lancet Commission, co-chaired by public health professor Richard Feachem, who has a joint appointment at Berkeley and UCSF, and serves as director of UCSF's Institute for Global Health Sciences. The possibility comes with caveats, of course. Eradication, they say, would require additional funding of $2 billion a year (totaling $6.3 billion/year); better systems to manage data-driven programs and the involvement of communities and the private sector; the development of new tools and technologies to advance drug development; and stronger leadership and accountability measures. He says: "One of the challenges we have in malaria is the evolutionary arms race -- the parasite has become resistant to the drugs we use, and the mosquito has become resistant to the insecticides." But if we accomplished eradication, he says it would be "of historic importance ... it's probably killed more human beings than any other disease."