Daniel M. Kammen founded the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) as a unique new research, development, project implementation, and community outreach facility based at the University of California, Berkeley in the Energy and Resouces Group and the Department of Nuclear Engineering. RAEL focuses on designing, testing, and disseminating renewable and appropriate energy systems. The laboratory's mission is to help these technologies realize their full potential to contribute to environmentally sustainable development in both industrialized and developing nations while also addressing the cultural context and range of potential social impacts of any new technology or resource management system.
RAEL has research teams engaged around:
- Development of tools to design, plan,and manage low-carbon, reliable energy systems.  This team has authored the 'SWITCH'
(or, loosely: Solar, wind integrated with conventional generation technologies) energy system 'smart grid', and capacity expansion
modules for western North America, China, Chile, and India
- Carbon and resource footprint and behavioral assessment tools ("coolclimate.berkeley.edu)
- Design tools to evaluate mini- and micro-grid energy systems for rural areas, under-served urban communities, and islands


Daniel Kammen

(510) 642-1139

Mailing Address

In collaboratorium: Sutardja Dai Hall, 4th Floor Lab phone number: 510-643-5048