Reports shows political preferences of California’s Asian Americans
Asian Americans, who account for 10 percent of registered voters in California, support a tax measure proposed by Governor Jerry Brown, are closely divided on the death penalty ballot measure, overwhelmingly support affirmative action, and support tax increases on high earners to close the federal budget deficit, according to two new reports from the National Asian American Survey (NAAS) released today (Tuesday, Oct. 2).
The survey was conducted by Taeku Lee, a University of California, Berkeley, professor of political science and law and an authority on Asian American politics, with Karthick Ramakrishnan, an associate professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside and director of the National Asian American Survey (NAAS).
The results are drawn from interviews conducted through Sept. 19, 2012, with more than 1,150 respondents residing in California. Among the fastest growing groups in America, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders grew by nearly a third in California between 2000 and 2010, and constitute nearly 15 percent of the state’s resident population.
“Despite their growing numbers, party identification as a lifelong bond has yet to take root among most Asian Americans in California,” said Lee. “Asians in California on net favor Democratic candidates and take more liberal positions on the issues, but this is not the result of vigorous outreach efforts from either political party.” Lee is a principal investigator of the survey and co-author (with Zoltan Hajnal) of the book, “Why Americans Don’t Join The Party.”
“Just as in the national picture, a large proportion of Asian Americans in California are undecided on the presidential election and key state ballot measures,” said Ramakrishnan. “When compared to the general electorate, the Asian American vote is very much up for grabs at this late stage in various campaigns.”
The California survey data show that:
- On Proposition 30, a state constitutional amendment that would temporarily raise the state sales tax and income taxes on high earners, 48 percent of Asian American likely voters are in favor, 28 percent opposed, and 24 percent undecided.
- On Proposition 34, which would end the death penalty in California, 37 percent of Asian Americans are in favor; 41 percent opposed, and 22 percent undecided.
- Most Asian American likely voters do not understand the top-two primary system in California (70 percent) and are much more divided than the rest of the California electorate on the desirability of the new system.
- Asian Americans are overwhelmingly supportive of affirmative action, with about more than 75 percent of Asian American adults supporting “affirmative action programs designed to help blacks, women, and other minorities get better jobs and education.
- A majority of Asian Americans also support a path to citizenship (56 percent) and in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants (51 percent). A plurality also supports driver licenses for undocumented immigrants (49 percent support, 39 percent oppose and 12 percent are undecided).
- On the issue of health care reform, which has divided support among the general population, Asian Americans in California are largely supportive, with about a 3-to-1 ratio in favor. These levels are comparable to those found among Asian Americans living outside of California.
- Support for health care reform is high, regardless of whether the law is referred to as the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare.
- On strategies to reduce the federal budget deficit, Asian Americans in California are very supportive of tax increases on high earners (69 percent). This proposal receives majority support (52 percent) even among those households earning more than $250,000 a year.
“It is vitally important to know where Asian Americans in California stand on issues relating to immigrant rights,” Reshma Shamasunder, the executive director of the California Immigrant Policy Center, noted as she spoke at the report’s presentation. “Not only are they the most heavily immigrant group, they are also an important part of the California electorate.”
Stewart Kwoh, the executive director of the Asian Pacific American Legal Center, a member of the Asian American Center for Advancing Justice, said the national Asian American survey poll results on affirmative action are especially timely given the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments Oct. 10 in Fisher v. Texas, a case which could determine the fate of affirmative action in public higher education across the country.
“These poll results demonstrate that Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders across the country support fairness and equal opportunity – not exclusion,” said Kwoh.
Manju Kulkarni, the executive director of South Asian Network in Artesia, Calif., noted the importance of the Affordable Care Act to South Asian communities: “This study shows the strong desire in the South Asian community to improve access to health care, not only for themselves but also for the larger community.”
The full reports, including information about survey methodology, can be found athttp://naasurvey.com/presentations.html.
The NAAS is a scientific and nonpartisan effort to poll the opinions of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. For more information about the 2012 survey, visit http://www.naasurvey.com/.