To reduce the amount of firewood Darfur refugees need, Berkeley scientist Ashok Gadgil
and colleagues modified an existing cookstove design to create one that is 75% more
energy-efficient stove than the three-stone stove traditionally used in Darfur, and is
appropriate to the environmental conditions and food preferences of the local inhabitants.

UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab harbor a critical mass of social scientists interested in the societal, business, legal and ethical implications of switching from fossil fuels to clean, sustainable fuels.

Researchers affiliated with several centers and programs at UC Berkeley and the Berkeley Lab spearhead research in this important area.